Population changes in the City of East Sarajevo in the intercensal period from 1991 to 2013

  • Mariana Lukić Tanović Faculty of Philosophy, University of East Sarajevo, Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  • Draško Marinković Faculty of Science, University of Banjaluka, Banjaluka (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  • Aleksandar Majić Faculty of Science, University of Banjaluka, Banjaluka (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Keywords: intercensal population change, population dynamics, depopulation, City of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Abstract

Between 1992 and 1995, the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina led to territorial changes and caused the reshaping of national borders. These events also caused a large population movement with significant demographic consequences. It is important to note that Bosnia and Herzegovina went 22 years without a population census after 1991, with the most recent census conducted in 2013. According to the census of 2013, there were 59,916 inhabitants in 216 settlements across the City of East Sarajevo. The main goal of this research is to determine whether the intercensal dynamics of the population are positive or negative, whether depopulation is still occurring, and whether it is identical and uniform throughout the area. It should also be noted that due to the disintegration of the settlement system and the territorial division between the entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the number of inhabitants in the shared settlements of the City of East Sarajevo was estimated according to the 1991 census, after which the results of the two censuses (1991 and 2013) were com-piled. In the intercensal period from 1991 to 2013, the number of inhabitants in the City of East Sarajevo increased by 26%. This positive intercensal dynamic is the result of international migration, the refugee process, and positive internal migration within the municipalities of Istočna Ilidža, Istočno Novo Sarajevo, and Pale. However, a decline in total population was recorded in 177 of 216 settlements in the City.

The extinction of certain settlements is one of the crucial characteristics of the explored area. In 2013, 11.1% of the settlements surveyed no longer had any inhabitants. Total depopulation is a feature of rural environments, while urban environments recorded positive population dynamics during the intercensal period. In addition to the total depopulation of rural areas, the City of East Sarajevo also faced the problem of natural population decline. A negative rate of natural increase, shifting of the maternal age limit, an increased mortality rate, and the aging of the population are some of the most distinctive demographic problems. Therefore, it is necessary to work on the design and implementation of measures for the revitalization of rural areas and the pro-natalist population policy measures in the future.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agencija za statistiku BiH (2016). Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i stanova u Bosni i Hercegovini, 2013. Sarajevo: Agencija za statistiku BiH.

Đurđev, B., & Arsenović, D. (2015). Populaciona dinamika u međupopisnom periodu. U V. Nikitović (ur.), Populacija Srbije početkom 21. veka (str. 42-60). Beograd: Republički zavod za statistiku.

Federalni zavod za statistiku BiH (1998). Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava/kućanstava, stanova i poljoprivrednih gazdinstava 1991. Sarajevo: Federalni zavod za statistiku BiH.

Knežević, A. (2014). Metodološki problemi demografske analize: usaglašavanje podataka popisne i vitalne statistike sa administrativno-teritorijalnim promenama (primer Istočne Srbije). Demografija, 11, 53-77. https://scindeks.ceon.rs/article.aspx?artid=1820-42441411053K

Konforti, S. (1987). Šta, ko, gdje u Sarajevu – podaci i informacije o gradu Sarajevu. Sarajevo: Svijetlost, OOUR Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva.

Lukić Tanović, M., & Danilović, D. (2014). The changes in natural movement of population in the city of East Sarajevo. Zbornik Matice Srpske za društvene nauke, 148, 793-802. https://doi.org/10.2298/ZMSDN1448793L

Lukić Tanović, M., & Marinković, D. (2017). The disintegration of settlements in Bosnia and Herzegovina – the example of Sarajevo/East Sarajevo. In I. Radevski (Ed.), International Scientific Conference GEOBALCANICA 2017 (pp. 183-189). Skopje: Geobalcanica Society. http://dx.doi.org/10.18509/GBP.2017.25

Lukić Tanović, M. (2018). Demogeografski procesi na prostoru Grada Istočno Sarajevo (Doktorska disertacija). Banjaluka: Univerzitet u Banjaluci, Prirodno-matematički fakultet. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.20525.33763

Lukić Tanović, M., & Marinković, D. (2018a). Fertilne karakteristike stanovništva Grada Istočno Sarajevo. Zbornik Matce srpske za drutvene nauke, 167(3), 369-379. https://doi.org/10.2298/ZMSDN1867369L

Lukić Tanović, M., & Marinković, D. (2018b). Urban and rural settlements in the area of the City of East Sarajevo. Herald, 22, 49-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.7251/HER2218049L

Marinković, D., & Vranješ, R. (2013). Preliminarni rezultati popisa stanovništva Republike Srpske 2013. i njegova uporedivost sa prethodnim popisom iz 1991. godine. Demografija, 11, 35-46. http://www.gef.bg.ac.rs/wp-content/uploads/Demografija-101.pdf

Martinović, M. (2014). Aktuelni problemi revitalizacije ruralnog prostora Srbije. U M. Grčić (ur.), Geografsko obrazovanje, nauka i praksa: razvoj, stanje i perspektive (str. 57-62). Beograd: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Geografski fakultet.

Republički zavod za statistiku Republike Srpske (2017). Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i stanova u Republici Srpskoj 2013. godine. Banjaluka: Republički zavod za sta-tistiku Republike Srpske.

Published
2019-07-03
How to Cite
Lukić Tanović, M., Marinković, D., & Majić, A. (2019). Population changes in the City of East Sarajevo in the intercensal period from 1991 to 2013. Stanovnistvo, 57(1), 53-69. https://doi.org/10.2298/STNV190206001L
Section
Articles